Facts You Need To Know About The Skin
Have you ever wondered why you are so black on the skin or why you have albino around in your family, despite the fact that your parents are of no such colour? Do you often wonder if you are not part of that family simply because of your skin colour..?
Let’s see what is responsible for our skin colours and how the skin works.
What Is The Skin?
The Skin is the covering on the bodies of human beings. In human beings the skin is for protection and excretion.
The skin is the largest organ of the body, with a total area of about 20 square feet.
The skin protects us from microbes and the elements, helps regulate body temperature, and permits the sensations of touch, heat, and cold.
Our skin keeps important fluids inside the body.
These fluids keep the different part of the body healthy.
The skin also keeps harmful things such as germs out of the body and so helps the body fight diseases.
The skin also protect the inside of the body from the harmful rays of the sun.
Sun rays are called ultraviolet rays and its harmful in some ways to our body when we get exposed to it too much.
The skin also helps to keep the body temperature normal.
The skin makes sweat when the temperature becomes hot, and this sweat helps cool the body.
When a person becomes too cold, the skin helps keep heat in.
Our skin is very sensitive to cold or hot, as well as to pain and touch.
The skin is made up of three layers namely;
1. The Epidermis
2. The Dermis
3. The Subcutaneous
- The Epidermis is the outer most layer which you called your skin and this is the area that carries the colour you have – black, light, yellow or too fair ( albino) etc.
- The Dermis is the middle layer.
- And the Subcutaneous is the innermost layer.
The colour of the skin comes from a brown substance called melanin.
It is created by special cells called melanocytes, which produce the pigment melanin. Melanocytes are located in the epidermis.
The skin has specialize cells that makes melanin. Everyone has about the same numbers of these cells.
The cells of dark people makes more melanin than that of the lighter skin.
The malfunctioning of cells that produce melanin is the result of albino but that’s not a disability.
The skin has a major role to play in the unique finger prints human beings have.
Dermal papillae are more noticeable in the fingertips, palms, and soles of the feet.
The dermal papillae extends upwards and strike the epidermis to form ridge ( raised portion of the epidermis).
These epidermis ridges present on the hand create a unique fingerprints pattern that is classified in 3 main type namely…
Arch fingerprints is wave-like pattern form by the ridges also referred to dermal ridges. They form a unique pattern on every individual, which helps in identification during crime investigation.
Dermal papillae the superficial extension emerging from the dermis play a crucial role in maintaining the epidermis.
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We have oily skin and dry skin and whichever one you get depends mostly on the moisture level of your skin.
Skin has hair poles on it that allow hairs to grow from our skin and through these poles fresh air enter and sweat comes out of our body.
Some people in cold region go for fresh sunlight where they bath their skin with sun’s ray for a healthy skin but caution needs to be taken not to over do it.
Bathe the skin with mild soaps to get rid of all the dirt’s that might have blocked your hair poles and could be harbouring some harmful bacteria.
Those who bleach their skin with creams are causing irreparable damage to their epidermis which is the outer layer of the skin. Because they can only bleach the epidermis and not the other two.
Therefore you are only reducing your chances of your skin fighting germs and the level of protection your skin gives to your entire body is drastically reduced.
Too much sun ray too can hurt the skin and instead of supplying the necessary vitamin D. It can cause skin burn and lead to cancer of the skin which is very dangerous.
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Wearing of good clothes to cover our body is one important care of the skin.
Exercising regularly too will make your skin to glow.
Using of good body cream can help maintain the moisturize texture of your skin.
Finally, adequate intake of water helps your skin to respirate normally and work perfectly.