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Profile Of Ibrahim Boubacar Keita

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Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, who is generally known as IBK was born on 29th January 1945. He is a Malian politician and is the current President of Mali. He has been President of Mali since 2013. Previously he was Prime Minister of Mali from 1994 to 2000

Birth | Early Life | Education

Ibrahim Keita was born on 29th January 1945 in Koutiala,in the former French Sudan, Mali.

He studied at the Lycée Janson-de-Sailly in Paris and Lycée Askia-Mohamed in Bamako. Keita furthered his education at the University of Dakar, the University of Paris I and the Institut d’Histoire des Relations Internationales Contemporaines (IHRIC; Institute of the Modern History of International Relations) with a Master degree in History.

Marriage | Family

Keita is married to Keita Aminata Maiga, the First Lady of Mali and together they have four children. Keita’s son Karim is a member of the National Assembly and he is married to a daughter of Issaka Sidibé, President of the National Assembly.

Career

Ibrahim Keita went on as a researcher after his studies at the CNRS.  Teaching courses on Third World politics at the University of Paris I.

He became a technical consultant for the European Development Fund, as he returned to Mali in 1986. Where he put together the first small-scale development program for the European Union’s aid activities in Mali.

Keita went on to become Mali’s director for the French chapter of Terre des hommes, an international NGO aiding children in the developing world.

Political Career

When Alliance for Democracy in Mali (ADEMA-PASJ) was found, Keita was its Secretary for African and International Relations at its constitutive congress, held on May 25–26, 1991.

He was appointed the deputy director of ADEMA candidate Alpha Oumar Konaré’s successful presidential campaign in 1992.

The new president named Keita as his senior diplomatic adviser and spokesman in June 1992.

Also in November 1992, Konare appointed Keita as Ambassador to Côte d’Ivoire, Gabon, Burkina Faso and Niger.

In November 1993, Keita was also appointed Minister of External Affairs, Malians Abroad, and African Integration by the Malian government.

On February 4, 1994, President Konare announced him Prime Minister, February 1994 till February 2000.

Keita was elected as the President of ADEMA at the ADEMA’s first ordinary congress, held in September 1994.

Following presidential and parliamentary elections held in 1997, he resigned from his post as Prime Minister on September 13, 1997.

He was promptly reappointed by Konare, with a new government appointed on September 16.

Ibrahim Boubacar Keita was re-elected as ADEMA President in October 1999.

In November 1999, he was named Vice-President of the Socialist International.

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On February 14, 2000, he resign as Prime Minister due to disagreements within ADEMA, and then from the leadership of the party in October 2000.

On June 30, 2001, Keita founded his own party, the Rally for Mali (RPM). This is the Party which he has led since its creation was announced.

Ibrahim Keita came out as a candidate in the 2002 presidential election, getting strong backing of Muslim leaders and associations. Despite the support, some people doubted that his policies were particularly compatible with Islam, pointing to the creation of casinos and lotteries while he was Prime Minister.

In the first round of the election, on April 28, he received about 21% of the vote and took third place. Also, he was behind Amadou Toumani Toure and Soumaila Cisse. Keita denounced the election as fraudulent, alleging he was deliberately and falsely excluded from the second round. Along with other candidates, they sought for the results to be invalidated.

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On May 9 the Constitutional Court ruled that the second round be proceeded by disqualifying a quarter of the votes due to irregularities.

According to the Constitutional Court, Keita won 21.03% of the vote, only about 4,000 votes less than Cisse.

On the same day, Keita did announce the support of his Espoir 2002 alliance for Toure in the second round. Regarding the Court’s ruling, he described himself as “a law-abiding person” and said that the Court had followed the law. The second round was won by Toure.

In July 2002 parliamentary election, Keita was elected to a seat in the National Assembly from Commune IV in Bamako District in the first round.

Keita was then elected as President of the National Assembly on September 16, 2002. And received 115 votes from the 138 participating deputies.

The other candidate, Noumoutié Sogoba of African Solidarity for Democracy and Independence (SADI), received eight votes, while 15 deputies abstained.

Keita was also elected as President of the Executive Committee of the African Parliamentary Union on October 24, 2002 at its Khartoum Conference.

He also contested for President again, as the candidate of the Rally for Mali, in the April 2007 election. Toure won the election again by a landslide, while Keita took second place and 19.15% of the vote.

As part of the Front for Democracy and the Republic (FDR), a coalition that included Keita as well as three other presidential candidates, Keita sorted for the election to be annulled, alleging fraud.

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On May 19, he said that the FDR would abide by the decision of the Constitutional Court confirming Toure’s victory.

In the July 2007 parliamentary election, Keita ran for re-election to the National Assembly from Commune IV in Bamako. 17 lists competed for the two available seats, on an RPM list together with Abdramane Sylla. Keita’s list received 31.52% of the vote in the first round, held on July 1, ahead of Moussa Mara, which received 30.70%.

In the second round on July 22, Keïta’s list narrowly prevailed, winning 51.59% of the vote according to provisional results.

He was not a candidate for re-election as President of the National Assembly at the opening of the new National Assembly on September 3; the position was won by ADEMA President Dioncounda Traore.

Keita was a also member of the Pan-African Parliament from Mali, as of 2007–2008.

He was also a member of the Commission of Foreign Affairs, Malians Living Abroad, and African Integration in the National Assembly.

In addition to serving in the National Assembly, he was a member of the Parliament of the Economic Community of West African States.

Keita contested again for President in the July–August 2013 presidential election and was considered a front-runner.

He won the election in a second round of voting, defeating Soumaïla Cisse. He was sworn in as President on 4 September 2013.

 

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