Vibrio bacteria cause diarrhea, skin infections and / or bloody infections.
Diarrhea-causing Vibrio parahemolyticus is a relatively harmless infection.
Vibrio vulnificus infection, although rare, in many cases can lead to sepsis and death.
Vibriosis is a general term for infection by a member of a large group of Vibrio bacteria.
The bacteria which causes cholera belongs to this group.
Raw oysters are a common source, although other seafoods can carry the bacteria.
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Vibrio parahemolyticus causes severe diarrhea.
Vibrio vulnificus can cause diarrhea, but people with specific disease may have severe blood infections (sepsis or septicemia).
Contact of a wound with Seawater or a contaminated Seafood can cause Vibrio vulnificus skin inflammation.
Vibriosis is not very common in the United States. Most cases occur in coastal states from June to October.
In 1988-1991, there were only 21 cases of Vibrio parahemolyticus infection in the United States.
From 1988–1995, over 300 cases of Vibrio vulnificus infection in the United States were reported.
Causes and Symptoms Of Vibriosis
These bacteria destroy the internal wall of the intestines, causing diarrhea and related symptoms.
Vibrio vulnificus can pass through the intestinal wall and into the bloodstream.
People who are exposed to acute and fatal vibriosis often suffer from liver disease (cirrhosis), excess iron (hemochromatosis), thalassemia (a blood disorder), AIDS, diabetes or people with immunosuppression.
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Gastrointestinal symptoms appear within two days after eating contaminated seafood.
Symptoms last from 2 to 10 days, including watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, headaches and possibly fever.
Symptoms of bloodstream infection appear after one or two days of infected seafood, including fever, chills, low blood pressure, and large, fluid-filled pimples on your arms or legs.
How | When To Diagnose Vibriosis
Gastroenterologist should diagnosed and treat Vibrio Bacteria.
Diagnose if Vibrio bacteria grows from stool, blood or bladder fluid samples.
The symptoms and the recent history of eating raw seafood are considered important clues for diagnosis.
Treatments Of Vibriosis
The patient should be given fluids either by mouth or intravenously to stop the loss of fluids as a result of diarrhea.
Antibiotics are not useful in treating diarrhea caused by Vibrio parahemolyticus.
Antibiotics, like tetracycline (somicin, achromycin V) or doxycycline (Monodox), as well as ceftazidime (Ceftaz, Fortraz, Tazicef), are use for treatment of Vibrio vulnificus infections
One out of five patient with Vibriosis requires hospitalization.
Most healthy people will recover from the diarrhea caused by the Vibrio bacteria.
Vibrio vulnificus blood infection affects people suffering from basic diseases and leads to death in half of these cases.
Vibrio vulnificus wound infection is fatal in a quarter of cases.
How To Prevent Vibrosis
Contamination with Vibrio bacteria does not change the appearance, smell or taste of seafood.
Avoiding raw or uncooked oysters, can prevent Vibriosis and keeping raw oysters and juices away from cooked foods.
Avoiding contact of wounded skin with seawater or raw seafood.